International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medical Sciences

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Prevalence and Intensity of Infection of Gastro-Intestinal Parasites in Babadjou, West Region of Cameroon

Received: 3 April 2017    Accepted: 17 April 2017    Published: 10 May 2017
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Abstract

Helminth infections, such as Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and Hookworms are major public health concerns. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and intensity of infection of gastro-intestinal helminthiasis in Babadjou. Qualitative and quantitative analyses were carried out on eight hundred and twenty five (825) stool samples collected from residents using the simple centrifugal flotation and McMaster count technique respectively. Out of the 825 samples examined, 70(8.5%) were infected with at least one helminth parasite with prevalence and intensities of infection of 4.4% and 2594.44 ± 3897.17 for A. lumbricoides, 4.2% and 72.86 ± 110.04 for T. trichiura, 1.9% and 83.33 ± 72.37 for Hookworms and 0.2% and 50 ± 00 for Capillaria hepatica respectively. Males (13.8%) were more infected than females (8.6%). The prevalence of A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura vary significantly with age groups with those of 1-10 years taking the lead (17.9%). The prevalence between the three educational levels differed significantly (P < 0.05) for A. lumbricoides, T. trichiura and Hookworm where those from the primary level were most infected (28.6%). The locality of Bamedji showed very high prevalences of A. lumbricoides (35.7%) and T. trichiura (17.9%) with significant differences as well. From the different occupations involved in the current study, students harboured all the four nematodes encountered. Cases of double and triple infections were recorded with A. lumbricoides+ T. trichiura (2.4%) being the highest and A. lumbricoides+ T. trichiura+ Hookworms (0.2%) the only triple infection registered. According to fecal concentration of eggs, 77.01% of infections were light infections, 3.44% moderate and 19.54% heavy infections. Only A. lumbricoides had heavy infections while all Hookworm infections were light. The results found on this study show that, it is important to control and prevent gastrointestinal helminths in and around Babadjou.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijcems.20170302.11
Published in International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medical Sciences (Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2017)
Page(s) 14-22
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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Gastro-intestinal Helminths, Prevalence, Intensity, Babadjou, West Region, Cameroon

References
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Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    V. Khan Payne, Lontuo F. Robertine, Ngangnang G. Romeo, Megwi Leonelle, Mbong Erica, et al. (2017). Prevalence and Intensity of Infection of Gastro-Intestinal Parasites in Babadjou, West Region of Cameroon. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medical Sciences, 3(2), 14-22. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijcems.20170302.11

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    ACS Style

    V. Khan Payne; Lontuo F. Robertine; Ngangnang G. Romeo; Megwi Leonelle; Mbong Erica, et al. Prevalence and Intensity of Infection of Gastro-Intestinal Parasites in Babadjou, West Region of Cameroon. Int. J. Clin. Exp. Med. Sci. 2017, 3(2), 14-22. doi: 10.11648/j.ijcems.20170302.11

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    AMA Style

    V. Khan Payne, Lontuo F. Robertine, Ngangnang G. Romeo, Megwi Leonelle, Mbong Erica, et al. Prevalence and Intensity of Infection of Gastro-Intestinal Parasites in Babadjou, West Region of Cameroon. Int J Clin Exp Med Sci. 2017;3(2):14-22. doi: 10.11648/j.ijcems.20170302.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijcems.20170302.11,
      author = {V. Khan Payne and Lontuo F. Robertine and Ngangnang G. Romeo and Megwi Leonelle and Mbong Erica and Yamssi Cedric and Bamou Roland and Mpoame Mbida},
      title = {Prevalence and Intensity of Infection of Gastro-Intestinal Parasites in Babadjou, West Region of Cameroon},
      journal = {International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medical Sciences},
      volume = {3},
      number = {2},
      pages = {14-22},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijcems.20170302.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijcems.20170302.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijcems.20170302.11},
      abstract = {Helminth infections, such as Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and Hookworms are major public health concerns. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and intensity of infection of gastro-intestinal helminthiasis in Babadjou. Qualitative and quantitative analyses were carried out on eight hundred and twenty five (825) stool samples collected from residents using the simple centrifugal flotation and McMaster count technique respectively. Out of the 825 samples examined, 70(8.5%) were infected with at least one helminth parasite with prevalence and intensities of infection of 4.4% and 2594.44 ± 3897.17 for A. lumbricoides, 4.2% and 72.86 ± 110.04 for T. trichiura, 1.9% and 83.33 ± 72.37 for Hookworms and 0.2% and 50 ± 00 for Capillaria hepatica respectively. Males (13.8%) were more infected than females (8.6%). The prevalence of A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura vary significantly with age groups with those of 1-10 years taking the lead (17.9%). The prevalence between the three educational levels differed significantly (P A. lumbricoides, T. trichiura and Hookworm where those from the primary level were most infected (28.6%). The locality of Bamedji showed very high prevalences of A. lumbricoides (35.7%) and T. trichiura (17.9%) with significant differences as well. From the different occupations involved in the current study, students harboured all the four nematodes encountered. Cases of double and triple infections were recorded with A. lumbricoides+ T. trichiura (2.4%) being the highest and A. lumbricoides+ T. trichiura+ Hookworms (0.2%) the only triple infection registered. According to fecal concentration of eggs, 77.01% of infections were light infections, 3.44% moderate and 19.54% heavy infections. Only A. lumbricoides had heavy infections while all Hookworm infections were light. The results found on this study show that, it is important to control and prevent gastrointestinal helminths in and around Babadjou.},
     year = {2017}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Prevalence and Intensity of Infection of Gastro-Intestinal Parasites in Babadjou, West Region of Cameroon
    AU  - V. Khan Payne
    AU  - Lontuo F. Robertine
    AU  - Ngangnang G. Romeo
    AU  - Megwi Leonelle
    AU  - Mbong Erica
    AU  - Yamssi Cedric
    AU  - Bamou Roland
    AU  - Mpoame Mbida
    Y1  - 2017/05/10
    PY  - 2017
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijcems.20170302.11
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijcems.20170302.11
    T2  - International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medical Sciences
    JF  - International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medical Sciences
    JO  - International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medical Sciences
    SP  - 14
    EP  - 22
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2469-8032
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijcems.20170302.11
    AB  - Helminth infections, such as Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and Hookworms are major public health concerns. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and intensity of infection of gastro-intestinal helminthiasis in Babadjou. Qualitative and quantitative analyses were carried out on eight hundred and twenty five (825) stool samples collected from residents using the simple centrifugal flotation and McMaster count technique respectively. Out of the 825 samples examined, 70(8.5%) were infected with at least one helminth parasite with prevalence and intensities of infection of 4.4% and 2594.44 ± 3897.17 for A. lumbricoides, 4.2% and 72.86 ± 110.04 for T. trichiura, 1.9% and 83.33 ± 72.37 for Hookworms and 0.2% and 50 ± 00 for Capillaria hepatica respectively. Males (13.8%) were more infected than females (8.6%). The prevalence of A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura vary significantly with age groups with those of 1-10 years taking the lead (17.9%). The prevalence between the three educational levels differed significantly (P A. lumbricoides, T. trichiura and Hookworm where those from the primary level were most infected (28.6%). The locality of Bamedji showed very high prevalences of A. lumbricoides (35.7%) and T. trichiura (17.9%) with significant differences as well. From the different occupations involved in the current study, students harboured all the four nematodes encountered. Cases of double and triple infections were recorded with A. lumbricoides+ T. trichiura (2.4%) being the highest and A. lumbricoides+ T. trichiura+ Hookworms (0.2%) the only triple infection registered. According to fecal concentration of eggs, 77.01% of infections were light infections, 3.44% moderate and 19.54% heavy infections. Only A. lumbricoides had heavy infections while all Hookworm infections were light. The results found on this study show that, it is important to control and prevent gastrointestinal helminths in and around Babadjou.
    VL  - 3
    IS  - 2
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon

  • Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon

  • Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon

  • Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon

  • Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon

  • Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon

  • Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon

  • Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon

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