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Research Article |

Time-to-Recovery from Type 2 Diabetic Patients and Associated Aspects at Debre Berhan Specialized Hospital

Background: Diabetes mellitus, more often known as diabetes, is a dangerous, long-term (or "chronic") disorder that manifests as elevated blood glucose levels when the body is unable to create, sufficient amounts of, or utilize the insulin that is produced. Due to the fact that a single patient may recover from more than one type 2 diabetes throughout time, recovery is usually recurring. Worldwide, type 2 diabetes was expected to affect 422 million adults in 2014, up from 108 million in 1980. By 2045, the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) projects that there will be a 143% rise in the population of diabetics in Africa. Ethiopia had 80,000 cases of diabetes in 2000, and the WHO projects that number will increase to 1.8 million cases by 2030. The aim of this research was to evaluate the type 2 diabetes recurrence (time to recovery) along with associated variables at Debre Berhan Specialized Hospital in Ethiopia. Methodology: An institutional-based retrospective study design was carried out on data obtained from Debre Berhan Specialized Hospital, in Jimma zones with type 2 diabetic patients who started treatment and were on follow-up in this Hospital. The study included 151 patients in total, and the Cox proportional hazard model was employed to look at diabetes patients' survival times. The log-rank test was performed to compare the categories of the variables, and Kaplan-Meier estimators were employed to predict the survival curves of diabetes patients. Result: Patients with type 2 diabetes had a median recovery time of 38 weeks, with the lowest and highest recovery times of 1 and 316 weeks, respectively. Patients with type 2 diabetes who took HCT and Regularly had a better probability of recovering from the condition sooner than those who took Doanied as prescribed by a doctor. Additionally, the likelihood of early recovery from type 2 diabetes mellitus improves by 1.7% as the patient's weight rises. Conclusion: Sex, age, family history, complications, smoking status, weight, and Spdrty (being HCT and Regular) were statistically significant variables at 0.05 p-values and are the key predictors for the recovery duration of type 2 DM patients. Therefore, future efforts to combat type 2 DM recovery should take all of these aspects into consideration. Prevention is crucial in the fight against type 2 diabetes. Adopting a healthy lifestyle, eating a well-balanced food, and getting enough exercise on a regular basis can help lower the chance of acquiring the illness. Furthermore, boosting awareness about the need of early identification and diabetes control education is critical in fostering a healthier society.

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Recovery Time, Cox Proportional Hazard

Buzuneh Tasfa Marine, Dagne Tesfaye Mengistie, Kitesa Biresa Duftu. (2023). Time-to-Recovery from Type 2 Diabetic Patients and Associated Aspects at Debre Berhan Specialized Hospital. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medical Sciences, 9(5), 85-97.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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