Volume 6, Issue 4, July 2020, Page: 51-59
Assessment of Risk Factors Associated with Severe Acute Malnutrition Among Children Admitted to Arsi Zone Gov’tal Hospitals, Ethiopia, 2016: Cross Sectional Study
Tolessa Kebede Bedo, Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Arsi University, Asella, Ethiopia
Birhanu Alemu Feseha, Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Arsi University, Asella, Ethiopia
Received: May 21, 2020;       Accepted: Jun. 10, 2020;       Published: Jul. 6, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijcems.20200604.11      View  196      Downloads  103
Abstract
Background Malnutrition remains one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality among children throughout the world. It is responsible about 60% cause of death in under age of 5 years. Objective To assess feeding practice and factors associated with severe acute malnutrition in under age of 5 year children admitted to Arsi zone public Hospitals, Ethiopia, 2016. Methods and Materials A cross sectional study design was conducted from July 2014 to June 2016 on age of 5 years children admitted to Arsi Zone Governmental Hospitals. The required number of samples was selected based on the registration and diagnosis. Data was collected by review of medical records and interview of the family member nearby during data collection. The data was manipulated and analyzed by using Epi. info version 3.5.4 for windows and Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16.0. Results Out of one hundred fifty-one study subjects, 124 (82.1%) of them breastfed; but majority of them, 65.4% did not practice exclusive breast feeding. Maternal illiteracy had 2.46 times high risk and significant association with severe acute malnutrition (AOR=2.46, 95% CI, 1.4-42.4). Being age younger than 11 months also showed 5.97 times high risk and statistically significant association with severe acute malnutrition (AOR=5.97, 95% CI, 1.8-20). Children of governmental employee mother were 2.29 times high risk to be affected by marasmus (AOR=2.29, 95% CI, 1.4–3.86). Male children were 2.28 times higher risk to be affected by the case than female children (AOR=2.28, 95% CI, 1.1–4.9).
Keywords
Malnutrition, Diarrheal Disease, Marasmus, Bottle Feeding
To cite this article
Tolessa Kebede Bedo, Birhanu Alemu Feseha, Assessment of Risk Factors Associated with Severe Acute Malnutrition Among Children Admitted to Arsi Zone Gov’tal Hospitals, Ethiopia, 2016: Cross Sectional Study, International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medical Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2020, pp. 51-59. doi: 10.11648/j.ijcems.20200604.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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